Council contains several architectural choices which make it a distinct new primitive in the decentralized governance space:
Council does not have a single security threshold to make a call, instead, various actions can be given different security threshold requirements.
Council abstracts the vote allocation process for assigning voting power away from the actual voting process meaning that multiple complex vote allocation systems can run in parallel in the contracts.
By default, Council ships with a Governance Steering Council (GSC) enabled which can be assigned different powers than the core voting system. Together, these features allow a wide range of voting processes and security procedures can be seamlessly integrated into one governance system.
To learn more about the technical architecture of Council, read this blog post
Introduction to Element's Governance System blog post